Toyota knows how to make cars. It does it so well it became the first company to produce more than 10 million a year. Its success is rooted in a special system and began what is now known as ‘Lean Manufacturing’, an ethos emulated by companies around the world to make products faster, cheaper and better. Following the Second World War, Japan was left in a precarious economic position. "Steel and other metals are scarce" Already disadvantaged by lacking natural resources, materials were hard to come by and companies had to be creative to compete. Toyota’s founder Sakichi Toyoda had started a loom business, but it was his son Kiichiro who founded the motor company in 1937.
They were used to working within narrow margins - as the shortage of materials increased during the war, the number of headlamps on its Model K truck was reduced to one and it only had brakes on one of the axles. The turning point for Toyota's Production System would come in the early fifties, when Kiichiro's cousin Eiji would travel to the U.S. with a veteran loom machinist, Taiichi Ohno. They visited Ford's River Rouge plant in Michigan and were impressed by the scale of the operation, but knew that in cash-strapped Japan companies didn’t have the resources for such a system; Having months’ worth of stock sitting in a warehouse would tie up precious capital they didn’t have. Instead, what truly impressed Ohno was a visit to a supermarket, a Piggly Wiggly, according to legend... Japan didn’t really have self-service stores at this point - and he was struck by the way customers could choose exactly what they wanted, when they wanted. He decided to model his production line on a similar idea; With a "supermarket formula," only enough parts were produced in the first phase to replace what was used in the second, and so on. This is where the ‘Just In Time’ system really took shape check this website.
Toyota was able to eliminate much of the waste in Ford's system, making smaller numbers of parts to be used when it needed them, allowing the company to operate on a tighter budget. As part of this Ohno developed ‘Kanban’ - a sign-based scheduling method which shows goods in, goods in production, and goods out. It’s now seen as a precursor to bar codes. Ohno and Toyoda also noticed that American car companies were still employing many of Henry Ford’s early production techniques - They kept operations at full tilt in order to maximize efficiencies of scale, and then repaired defective cars after they rolled off the line.
Ohno believed this caused more problems and didn’t encourage workers, or machines, to stop making the mistake. So he placed a cord above every station which any worker could pull to stop the entire assembly if they spotted a problem. The whole team would work on it, to prevent it from happening again.
As teams identified more problems, the number of errors began to drop dramatically. Combined with a culture of continuous, incremental improvement -- called `kaizen' -- the Toyota Production System built a brand known for making reliable and affordable cars. But Toyota was also getting good at producing cars quickly.
In 1962, the company had produced one million vehicles. By 1972, they had produced ten million. It was around that time the efficiencies of their factories enabled Toyota to produce a car every 1.6 man hours - much lower than their competitors in the U.S., Sweden and Germany And as the oil crises of the decade sent gas prices higher, cheap-to-run Japanese cars became much more appealing to Americans, whose powerful, but gas-guzzling vehicles suddenly became very expensive to run. Today, Toyota has made over 250 million vehicles… Others have looked to them to learn the lessons of ‘Lean’- combining craft with mass production, avoiding waste, while striving for constant improvement. Boeing is perhaps the most famous, restructuring a plant to better suit TPS. Intel is another long-time lean ambassador, and is exploring the principles in the context of AI and IoT.
A Canadian Hospital even used Toyota’s system to decrease wait times in its ER. The Toyota Production System changed not just how cars are made globally but how we approach making things full stop. It also showed there is always a better way to make a product.
It is world famous for it's open plan concept with very few fences. Here are some kids getting up close and personal with a kangaroo and they also have some really neat animal shows. Here is Pedro the sea lion. And the final attraction that anybody will see on their visit to Singapore, and it's definitely a must-see is Changi airport. It's been rated one of the best airports in the world and I definitely agree terminal 3 this terminal that you're looking at is the newest area and this is the check in area and now we're looking at the area behind security on the right of the picture is a food court that is open 24 hours a day this airport is stocked with some amazing amenities including the world's largest slide in an airport it also has its own in airport convenience store that definitely has the largest selection of cold beverages I've ever seen in an airport.
If that's not enough there's also an in airport butterfly garden yes that's right a garden with real butterflies in an airport! If butterflies aren't your thing there's also a in airport Koi pond for the goldfish watching extraordinaire. If you're not into either butterflies or goldfish you could also spend your time at the airport bar playing the airport pool table.
If all those aren't enough amenities for you this one is sure to do it! When you go through passport control they have a little basket of complementary mints so that they will ensure your breath is minty fresh on your flight home from Changi Airport.
In Chinatown is about the only place in Singapore that you will find street vendors. So enjoy the street vending while you're here and it's also the most orderly and organized and clean Street Market I think I've seen. If you stop by the Little India neighborhood to experience a little bit of India. There are some narrow alleyway,s lots of small shops, good places for souvenirs. It's a little chaotic very colorful and also a good place to get some Indian food believe it or not.
Little India also seems to be home to Singapore's jewelry and pawn shop industry. Convienently located right next to each other. On this corner is a pawn shop located next to a jewelry shop next to pawn shop next to a jewelry shop. In this building is one of the last surviving Chinese residences in Little India. Now that is colorful! So in all my travels this is a first!
This is truly on open-air laundromat and everything is convenient Singapore to food because you just took over this way and there's an open-air food court so you can have a little bit to eat while you're doing your laundry. And right next to the food court is a restaurant that serves a fifteen dollar fish head special everyday. Sweet! And finally Little India is also home to some temples with some really long names I'm not even going to try to pronounce this one. To experience the Arabian culture in Singapore come to Kampong Glam which is home to the Sultan Mosque there was the Sultan that actually lived here in 1823 right next to this mosque. There's a street called Arab Street and right in front of the Mosque there is one way to beat the heat is with a cool and refreshing fresh chopped coconut with a straw to drink the cool and refreshing lukewarm coconut juice So after you drink the coconut you can then have them cut the coconut open, chop it in half and they give you a spoon and you can eat the coconut.
I thought this would be cooling but it turns out that coconuts left out side get just as hot as me. So after eating this coconut I'm still sweating! Maybe my coconut needs a little bit of a sweat wipe. Kampong Glam is a neat little neighborhood to walk around there's a pedestrianized shopping street in front of the Mosque which is a great place for souvenirs. Arab Street is Singapore's home to carpet vendors where you'll find carpets carpets and even more carpets!
Adjacent to Arab Street is Haji Lane which is a small narrow alleyway that is home to a number of small trendy designer clothing stores. The mecca of shopping in Singapore is on Orchard Road that has rows and rows of shopping malls on both sides of the street and this is one good place to beat the heat because all these malls are air conditioned on the inside. Orchard Road has all the famous brands like Louis Vuitton and Chanel. One of the newest shopping centers is the Ion Orchard shopping center which lights up a neat blue-color at night.
It's a number of different floors of shopping extravaganza. But my favorite part of Ion Orchard is the food court on basement level 4. Check it out for some tasty eats.
For some the best views in Singapore stop buy the Marina Bay Sands SkyPark. It is this skateboard like thing atop of the three towers of this newest casino and from here the views of Singapore are truly spectacular. Just behind where I was standing is a wonderful view of Singapore's central business district with all of the futuristic-looking high-rises. You can also see the Singapore Flyer ferris wheel and on the back side of the SkyPark you can see the Gardens by the Bay. The final attraction that I'll mention is something that any animal lover should visit and that is the Singapore Zoo.
14. Reject Criticism
Criticism is not a bad thing. Absolutely no one is perfect. Getting feedback from your peers means that they feel you're worth their time and that you can improve. You don't have to follow every piece of advice, but at least give your critics some time and thought.
15. Buy Your Relationships
Money is no substitution for the time and mutual respect that it takes to build quality friendships. When it comes to finding friends, building friendships, and deciding who your true friends are, leave money out of the equation.
16. Follow the Rules
If you live life entirely on the straight and narrow, you’re allowing the man to tell you what you can do and how you should do it. Life should be lived more recklessly. You will never suck all the marrow out of life by following the rules. Instead, you will be uninteresting and never do anything worth talking about after you're gone.
17. Be a Control Freak
You cannot control your life. You can control your outlook, but the things that happen to you are often beyond your control. Don't try to take charge of every little thing. Learn to go with the flow and feel your stress levels deplete.
18. Don't Look People in the Eyes
Eye contact is fundamental to both personal and professional relationships. A lack of eye contact leaves the impression that you don't believe you are worth talking to. If you don't think anyone has a reason to get to know you, then you cannot expect others to go out of their way to find one.
19. Avoid Mistakes
No one has ever become wildly successful by making no mistakes. Taking risks and making mistakes is the route to discovering where the right path lies and what doesn't work. Embrace pitfalls and roadblocks as natural barriers that bring you ever closer to your dreams.
20. Don't Love
When people betray your trust, it is easy to close your heart and become a cold person. Make it your goal to never stop loving people no matter how often you get hurt. Love is the key that will unlock the door to a life of warmth and purpose. Remember that the only love you keep is the love you give away.
21. Think Happiness is a Destination
Happiness is a direction and an ongoing process. Happiness comes when you are content with the person you are, while still continuing to grow and pursue the person you want to be. Follow the items on this list, and you'll find that happiness was closer than you ever thought possible.
No one is perfect, and I am certainly guilty of some of the items on this list. The point is to look at yourself and know that you can be happier and live a better quality life. You deserve it, so start working on it. Make your life the experience that you always hoped it would be.
7. Don’t Make New Friends
One of the worst decisions you can make is to spend time exclusively with friends from high school or by yourself. College is a new and exciting place where you are surrounded by unfamiliar people. You can view these people as strangers or potential friends. I promise that the latter will make you a much happier and more comfortable person.
8. Fight Your Enemies
Enemies are something you create for yourself. They do not have to exist. Creating enemies and holding grudges gives power over your life to someone else. Keep the power where it belongs. Make friends, not enemies.
9. Don’t Listen
You do not know everything. In fact, you don’t even know an iota of what’s out there. The people around you can teach you a lot about life and ultimately make you a happier person. Open your mind to what they have to say rather than letting your arrogance plug your ears.
10. Lie to People
Whether you enjoy manipulating people or simply think it's fun to lie, lying a damaging habit that can quickly become an addiction. Don't forget the old saying, The truth will set you free.
11. Don`t Ask for Help
Life is hard. After all, it kills you.
If you are someone who is reluctant to ask for help in a time of need, you need to swallow your pride. Take the attitude that we're all in this together, rather than its you against the world. Ask your friends for help or advice, or use Students QA service and they may surprise you with wisdom and generosity.
12. Don't Exercise
Exercise is crucial to maintaining physical and mental health. The Freshman 15 is not a myth, but you can avoid it by committing to some type of physical activity a few times a week.
13. Treat People Like Assets
The people around you are living, breathing human beings. When you start thinking of them in terms of how they can benefit you, you are dooming yourself to a lonely and unfulfilled life. Remember this golden rule. Use things, not people. Love people, not things.
Part 3 is my next post!
College is a time when you should be loving life.
Still, some college kids are unhappy, and most have no idea why.
The other day, I was blessed to happen upon an outstanding article by Dragos Roua entitled 100 Ways to Screw Up Your Life. I decided to write my own article based off of his and outline some common failures among college students.
These are 21 mistakes made by college students that lead to a poor quality of life and a lack of fulfillment.
1. Live with Regrets
The past is the past. We cannot change it. No matter how much we wish that it would have gone differently, it is beyond our control. Do not fret over what could have been. Instead, be thankful for the way things are.
2. Lack Gratitude
This ties in well with number one. Do not be spiteful and pessimistic towards your life’s circumstances. Count your blessings often and remember to be thankful for the people who love you.
3. Be Controlled by Addiction
Whether it be an addiction to a person, or an addiction to video games, succumbing to addiction is a fast way to leave yourself powerless in your own life. Remember, you always have a choice, and people are always there to help you if you ask for it.
4. Victimize Yourself
Go ahead and feel sorry for yourself. Complain about how much life sucks for you. I promise that everything will continue to go poorly. Stop making excuses and pretending that you are so helpless and unlucky. Make your own luck and face life’s challenges confidently.
5. Forget to Play
Don’t lose touch with your inner 8-year-old. Play is free. Remind yourself to laugh and to not take life too seriously. An all-business attitude all the time builds unhealthy levels of stress and hurts your relationships.
Gossip is destructive and should be left for immature middle school kids. Gossiping is a fast way to destroy your relationships, tarnish your social reputation, and compromise your values.